Probably not. Google has been working for a couple years now to converge Chrome OS and Android, but so far, very little has been made available to the public. This is not unusual for Google, where apps often remain in testing for several years before public release.
As Matthew Ponce points out, you can try to run your Android apps on ARC Welder from the Chrome Web Store. Some are compatible, but it's still in an "experimental" state.
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via Answers by Jeff Nelson on Quora,